Argo CD allows users to customize some aspects of how it syncs the desired state in the target cluster. Some Sync Options can defined as annotations in a specific resource. Most of the Sync Options are configured in the Application resource
spec.syncPolicy.syncOptions attribute. Multiple Sync Options which are configured with the
argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options annotation can be concatenated with a
, in the annotation value; white spaces will be trimmed.
Below you can find details about each available Sync Option:
No Prune Resources¶
You may wish to prevent an object from being pruned:
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: Prune=false
In the UI, the pod will simply appear as out-of-sync:
The sync-status panel shows that pruning was skipped, and why:
The app will be out of sync if Argo CD expects a resource to be pruned. You may wish to use this along with compare options.
Disable Kubectl Validation¶
For a certain class of objects, it is necessary to
kubectl apply them using the
--validate=false flag. Examples of this are kubernetes types which uses
RawExtension, such as ServiceCatalog. You can do using this annotations:
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: Validate=false
If you want to exclude a whole class of objects globally, consider setting
resource.customizations in system level configuration.
Skip Dry Run for new custom resources types¶
When syncing a custom resource which is not yet known to the cluster, there are generally two options:
1) The CRD manifest is part of the same sync. Then Argo CD will automatically skip the dry run, the CRD will be applied and the resource can be created.
2) In some cases the CRD is not part of the sync, but it could be created in another way, e.g. by a controller in the cluster. An example is gatekeeper,
which creates CRDs in response to user defined
ConstraintTemplates. Argo CD cannot find the CRD in the sync and will fail with the error
the server could not find the requested resource.
To skip the dry run for missing resource types, use the following annotation:
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: SkipDryRunOnMissingResource=true
The dry run will still be executed if the CRD is already present in the cluster.
Currently when syncing using auto sync Argo CD applies every object in the application. For applications containing thousands of objects this takes quite a long time and puts undue pressure on the api server. Turning on selective sync option which will sync only out-of-sync resources.
You can add this option by following ways
ApplyOutOfSyncOnly=true in manifest
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - ApplyOutOfSyncOnly=true
2) Set sync option via argocd cli
$ argocd app set guestbook --sync-option ApplyOutOfSyncOnly=true
Resources Prune Deletion Propagation Policy¶
By default, extraneous resources get pruned using foreground deletion policy. The propagation policy can be controlled
PrunePropagationPolicy sync option. Supported policies are background, foreground and orphan.
More information about those policies could be found here.
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - PrunePropagationPolicy=foreground
This feature is to allow the ability for resource pruning to happen as a final, implicit wave of a sync operation, after the other resources have been deployed and become healthy, and after all other waves completed successfully.
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - PruneLast=true
This can also be configured at individual resource level.
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: PruneLast=true
Replace Resource Instead Of Applying Changes¶
By default, Argo CD executes
kubectl apply operation to apply the configuration stored in Git. In some cases
kubectl apply is not suitable. For example, resource spec might be too big and won't fit into
kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration annotation that is added by
kubectl apply. In such cases you
Replace=true sync option:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - Replace=true
Replace=true sync option is set the Argo CD will use
kubectl replace or
kubectl create command to apply changes.
During the sync process, the resources will be synchronized using the 'kubectl replace/create' command. This sync option has the potential to be destructive and might lead to resources having to be recreated, which could cause an outage for your application.
This can also be configured at individual resource level.
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: Replace=true
This option enables Kubernetes Server-Side Apply.
By default, Argo CD executes
kubectl apply operation to apply the configuration stored in Git.
This is a client side operation that relies on
annotation to store the previous resource state.
However, there are some cases where you want to use
kubectl apply --server-side over
- Resource is too big to fit in 262144 bytes allowed annotation size. In this case server-side apply can be used to avoid this issue as the annotation is not used in this case.
- Patching of existing resources on the cluster that are not fully managed by Argo CD.
- Use a more declarative approach, which tracks a user's field management, rather than a user's last applied state.
ServerSideApply=true sync option is set, Argo CD will use
kubectl apply --server-side
command to apply changes.
It can be enabled at the application level like in the example below:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - ServerSideApply=true
To enable ServerSideApply just for an individual resource, the sync-option annotation can be used:
metadata: annotations: argocd.argoproj.io/sync-options: ServerSideApply=true
ServerSideApply can also be used to patch existing resources by providing a partial yaml. For example, if there is a requirement to update just the number of replicas in a given Deployment, the following yaml can be provided to Argo CD:
apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: my-deployment spec: replicas: 3
Note that by the Deployment schema specification, this isn't a valid manifest. In this case an additional sync option must be provided to skip schema validation. The example below shows how to configure the application to enable the two necessary sync options:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - ServerSideApply=true - Validate=false
In this case, Argo CD will use
kubectl apply --server-side --validate=false command
to apply changes.
Replace=true takes precedence over
Fail the sync if a shared resource is found¶
By default, Argo CD will apply all manifests found in the git path configured in the Application regardless if the resources defined in the yamls are already applied by another Application. If the
FailOnSharedResource sync option is set, Argo CD will fail the sync whenever it finds a resource in the current Application that is already applied in the cluster by another Application.
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: syncOptions: - FailOnSharedResource=true
Respect ignore difference configs¶
This sync option is used to enable Argo CD to consider the configurations made in the
spec.ignoreDifferences attribute also during the sync stage. By default, Argo CD uses the
ignoreDifferences config just for computing the diff between the live and desired state which defines if the application is synced or not. However during the sync stage, the desired state is applied as-is. The patch is calculated using a 3-way-merge between the live state the desired state and the
last-applied-configuration annotation. This sometimes leads to an undesired results. This behavior can be changed by setting the
RespectIgnoreDifferences=true sync option like in the example below:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: ignoreDifferences: - group: "apps" kind: "Deployment" jsonPointers: - /spec/replicas syncPolicy: syncOptions: - RespectIgnoreDifferences=true
The example above shows how an Argo CD Application can be configured so it will ignore the
spec.replicas field from the desired state (git) during the sync stage. This is achieve by calculating and pre-patching the desired state before applying it in the cluster. Note that the
RespectIgnoreDifferences sync option is only effective when the resource is already created in the cluster. If the Application is being created and no live state exists, the desired state is applied as-is.
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application metadata: namespace: argocd spec: destination: server: https://kubernetes.default.svc namespace: some-namespace syncPolicy: syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
The example above shows how an Argo CD Application can be configured so it will create the namespace specified in
spec.destination.namespace if it doesn't exist already. Without this either declared in the Application manifest or passed in the CLI via
--sync-option CreateNamespace=true, the Application will fail to sync if the namespace doesn't exist.
Note that the namespace to be created must be informed in the
spec.destination.namespace field of the Application resource. The
metadata.namespace field in the Application's child manifests must match this value, or can be omitted, so resources are created in the proper destination.
We can also add labels and annotations to the namespace through
managedNamespaceMetadata. If we extend the example above
we could potentially do something like below:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application metadata: namespace: test spec: syncPolicy: managedNamespaceMetadata: labels: # The labels to set on the application namespace any: label you: like annotations: # The annotations to set on the application namespace the: same applies: for annotations: on-the-namespace syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
In order for ArgoCD to manage the labels and annotations on the namespace,
CreateNamespace=true needs to be set as a
sync option, otherwise nothing will happen. If the namespace doesn't already exist, or if it already exists and doesn't
already have labels and/or annotations set on it, you're good to go. Using
managedNamespaceMetadata will also set the
resource tracking label (or annotation) on the namespace, so you can easily track which namespaces are managed by ArgoCD.
In the case you do not have any custom annotations or labels but would nonetheless want to have resource tracking set on
your namespace, that can be done by setting
managedNamespaceMetadata with an empty
like the example below:
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application metadata: namespace: test spec: syncPolicy: managedNamespaceMetadata: labels: # The labels to set on the application namespace annotations: # The annotations to set on the application namespace syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
In the case where ArgoCD is "adopting" an existing namespace which already has metadata set on it, we rely on using Server Side Apply in order not to lose metadata which has already been set. The main implication here is that it takes a few extra steps to get rid of an already preexisting field.
Imagine we have a pre-existing namespace as below:
apiVersion: v1 kind: Namespace metadata: name: foobar annotations: foo: bar abc: "123"
If we want to manage the
foobar namespace with ArgoCD and to then also remove the
foo: bar annotation, in
managedNamespaceMetadata we'd need to first rename the
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: managedNamespaceMetadata: annotations: abc: 123 # adding this is informational with SSA; this would be sticking around in any case until we set a new value foo: remove-me syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
Once that has been synced, we're ok to remove
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: managedNamespaceMetadata: annotations: abc: 123 # adding this is informational with SSA; this would be sticking around in any case until we set a new value syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
Another thing to keep mind of is that if you have a k8s manifest for the same namespace in your ArgoCD application, that
will take precedence and overwrite whatever values that have been set in
managedNamespaceMetadata. In other words, if
you have an application that sets
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1 kind: Application spec: syncPolicy: managedNamespaceMetadata: annotations: abc: 123 syncOptions: - CreateNamespace=true
But you also have a k8s manifest with a matching name
apiVersion: v1 kind: Namespace metadata: name: foobar annotations: foo: bar something: completely-different
The resulting namespace will have its annotations set to
annotations: foo: bar something: completely-different