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Ingress Configuration

Argo CD API server runs both a gRPC server (used by the CLI), as well as a HTTP/HTTPS server (used by the UI). Both protocols are exposed by the argocd-server service object on the following ports:

  • 443 - gRPC/HTTPS
  • 80 - HTTP (redirects to HTTPS)

There are several ways how Ingress can be configured.

Ambassador

The Ambassador Edge Stack can be used as a Kubernetes ingress controller with automatic TLS termination and routing capabilities for both the CLI and the UI.

The API server should be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server command. Given the argocd CLI includes the port number in the request host header, 2 Mappings are required.

Option 1: Mapping CRD for Host-based Routing

apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Mapping
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-ui
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  host: argocd.example.com
  prefix: /
  service: argocd-server:443
---
apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Mapping
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-cli
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  # NOTE: the port must be ignored if you have strip_matching_host_port enabled on envoy
  host: argocd.example.com:443
  prefix: /
  service: argocd-server:80
  regex_headers:
    Content-Type: "^application/grpc.*$"
  grpc: true

Login with the argocd CLI:

argocd login <host>

Option 2: Mapping CRD for Path-based Routing

The API server must be configured to be available under a non-root path (e.g. /argo-cd). Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --rootpath=/argo-cd flag to the argocd-server command.

apiVersion: getambassador.io/v2
kind: Mapping
metadata:
  name: argocd-server
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  prefix: /argo-cd
  rewrite: /argo-cd
  service: argocd-server:443

Login with the argocd CLI using the extra --grpc-web-root-path flag for non-root paths.

argocd login <host>:<port> --grpc-web-root-path /argo-cd

Contour

The Contour ingress controller can terminate TLS ingress traffic at the edge.

The Argo CD API server should be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server Deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server container command.

It is also possible to provide an internal-only ingress path and an external-only ingress path by deploying two instances of Contour: one behind a private-subnet LoadBalancer service and one behind a public-subnet LoadBalancer service. The private Contour deployment will pick up Ingresses annotated with kubernetes.io/ingress.class: contour-internal and the public Contour deployment will pick up Ingresses annotated with kubernetes.io/ingress.class: contour-external.

This provides the opportunity to deploy the Argo CD UI privately but still allow for SSO callbacks to succeed.

Private Argo CD UI with Multiple Ingress Objects and BYO Certificate

Since Contour Ingress supports only a single protocol per Ingress object, define three Ingress objects. One for private HTTP/HTTPS, one for private gRPC, and one for public HTTPS SSO callbacks.

Internal HTTP/HTTPS Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-http
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: contour-internal
    ingress.kubernetes.io/force-ssl-redirect: "true"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: internal.path.to.argocd.io
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: http
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - internal.path.to.argocd.io
    secretName: your-certificate-name

Internal gRPC Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-grpc
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: contour-internal
spec:
  rules:
  - host: grpc-internal.path.to.argocd.io
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: https
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - grpc-internal.path.to.argocd.io
    secretName: your-certificate-name

External HTTPS SSO Callback Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-external-callback-http
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: contour-external
    ingress.kubernetes.io/force-ssl-redirect: "true"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: external.path.to.argocd.io
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /api/dex/callback
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: http
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - external.path.to.argocd.io
    secretName: your-certificate-name

The argocd-server Service needs to be annotated with projectcontour.io/upstream-protocol.h2c: "https,443" to wire up the gRPC protocol proxying.

The API server should then be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server command:

spec:
  template:
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: argocd-server
        command:
        - /argocd-server
        - --repo-server
        - argocd-repo-server:8081
        - --insecure

kubernetes/ingress-nginx

Option 1: SSL-Passthrough

Argo CD serves multiple protocols (gRPC/HTTPS) on the same port (443), this provides a challenge when attempting to define a single nginx ingress object and rule for the argocd-service, since the nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol annotation accepts only a single value for the backend protocol (e.g. HTTP, HTTPS, GRPC, GRPCS).

In order to expose the Argo CD API server with a single ingress rule and hostname, the nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough annotation must be used to passthrough TLS connections and terminate TLS at the Argo CD API server.

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-ingress
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: nginx
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/force-ssl-redirect: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough: "true"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: argocd.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: https

The above rule terminates TLS at the Argo CD API server, which detects the protocol being used, and responds appropriately. Note that the nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough annotation requires that the --enable-ssl-passthrough flag be added to the command line arguments to nginx-ingress-controller.

SSL-Passthrough with cert-manager and Let's Encrypt

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-ingress
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    cert-manager.io/cluster-issuer: letsencrypt-prod
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: nginx
    kubernetes.io/tls-acme: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough: "true"
    # If you encounter a redirect loop or are getting a 307 response code
    # then you need to force the nginx ingress to connect to the backend using HTTPS.
    #
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: "HTTPS"
spec:
  rules:
  - host: argocd.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: https
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - argocd.example.com
    secretName: argocd-secret # do not change, this is provided by Argo CD

Option 2: Multiple Ingress Objects And Hosts

Since ingress-nginx Ingress supports only a single protocol per Ingress object, an alternative way would be to define two Ingress objects. One for HTTP/HTTPS, and the other for gRPC:

HTTP/HTTPS Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-http-ingress
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/force-ssl-redirect: "true"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: "HTTP"
spec:
  rules:
  - http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: http
    host: argocd.example.com
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - argocd.example.com
    secretName: argocd-secret # do not change, this is provided by Argo CD

gRPC Ingress:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd-server-grpc-ingress
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: "GRPC"
spec:
  rules:
  - http:
      paths:
      - path: /
        pathType: Prefix
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              name: https
    host: grpc.argocd.example.com
  tls:
  - hosts:
    - grpc.argocd.example.com
    secretName: argocd-secret # do not change, this is provided by Argo CD

The API server should then be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server command:

spec:
  template:
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: argocd-server
        command:
        - argocd-server
        - --repo-server
        - argocd-repo-server:8081
        - --insecure

The obvious disadvantage to this approach is that this technique requires two separate hostnames for the API server -- one for gRPC and the other for HTTP/HTTPS. However it allows TLS termination to happen at the ingress controller.

Traefik (v2.2)

Traefik can be used as an edge router and provide TLS termination within the same deployment.

It currently has an advantage over NGINX in that it can terminate both TCP and HTTP connections on the same port meaning you do not require multiple hosts or paths.

The API server should be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server command.

IngressRoute CRD

apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  name: argocd-server
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  entryPoints:
    - websecure
  routes:
    - kind: Rule
      match: Host(`argocd.example.com`)
      priority: 10
      services:
        - name: argocd-server
          port: 80
    - kind: Rule
      match: Host(`argocd.example.com`) && Headers(`Content-Type`, `application/grpc`)
      priority: 11
      services:
        - name: argocd-server
          port: 80
          scheme: h2c
  tls:
    certResolver: default

AWS Application Load Balancers (ALBs) And Classic ELB (HTTP Mode)

AWS ALBs can be used as an L7 Load Balancer for both UI and gRPC traffic, whereas Classic ELBs and NLBs can be used as L4 Load Balancers for both.

When using an ALB, you'll want to create a second service for argocd-server. This is necessary because we need to tell the ALB to send the GRPC traffic to a different target group then the UI traffic, since the backend protocol is HTTP2 instead of HTTP1.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    alb.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol-version: HTTP2 #This tells AWS to send traffic from the ALB using HTTP2. Can use GRPC as well if you want to leverage GRPC specific features
  labels:
    app: argogrpc
  name: argogrpc
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  ports:
  - name: "443"
    port: 443
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: argocd-server
  sessionAffinity: None
  type: NodePort

Once we create this service, we can configure the Ingress to conditionally route all application/grpc traffic to the new HTTP2 backend, using the alb.ingress.kubernetes.io/conditions annotation, as seen below. Note: The value after the . in the condition annotation must be the same name as the service that you want traffic to route to - and will be applied on any path with a matching serviceName.

  apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
  kind: Ingress
  metadata:
    annotations:
      alb.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: HTTPS
      # Use this annotation (which must match a service name) to route traffic to HTTP2 backends.
      alb.ingress.kubernetes.io/conditions.argogrpc: |
        [{"field":"http-header","httpHeaderConfig":{"httpHeaderName": "Content-Type", "values":["application/grpc"]}}]
      alb.ingress.kubernetes.io/listen-ports: '[{"HTTPS":443}]'
    name: argocd
    namespace: argocd
  spec:
    rules:
    - host: argocd.argoproj.io
      http:
        paths:
        - path: /
          backend:
            service:
              name: argogrpc
              port:
                number: 443
          pathType: ImplementationSpecific
        - path: /
          backend:
            service:
              name: argocd-server
              port:
                number: 443
          pathType: ImplementationSpecific
    tls:
    - hosts:
      - argocd.argoproj.io

Google Cloud load balancers with Kubernetes Ingress

You can make use of the integration of GKE with Google Cloud to deploy Load Balancers using just Kubernetes objects.

For this we will need these five objects: - A Service - A BackendConfig - A FrontendConfig - A secret with your SSL certificate - An Ingress for GKE

If you need detail for all the options available for these Google integrations, you can check the Google docs on configuring Ingress features

Disable internal TLS

First, to avoid internal redirection loops from HTTP to HTTPS, the API server should be run with TLS disabled. Edit the argocd-server deployment to add the --insecure flag to the argocd-server command. For this you can edit your resource live with kubectl -n argocd edit deployments.apps argocd-server or use a kustomize patch before installing Argo CD.

The container command should change from:

      containers:
      - command:
        - argocd-server
        - --staticassets
        - /shared/app

To:

      containers:
      - command:
        - argocd-server
        - --insecure
        - --staticassets
        - /shared/app

Creating a service

Now you need an externally accessible service. This is practically the same as the internal service Argo CD has, but with Google Cloud annotations. Note that this service is annotated to use a Network Endpoint Group (NEG) to allow your load balancer to send traffic directly to your pods without using kube-proxy, so remove the neg annotation it that's not what you want.

The service:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: argocd-server
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    cloud.google.com/neg: '{"ingress": true}'
    cloud.google.com/backend-config: '{"ports": {"http":"argocd-backend-config"}}'
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: argocd-server

Creating a BackendConfig

See that previous service referencing a backend config called argocd-backend-config? So lets deploy it using this yaml:

apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: argocd-backend-config
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  healthCheck:
    checkIntervalSec: 30
    timeoutSec: 5
    healthyThreshold: 1
    unhealthyThreshold: 2
    type: HTTP
    requestPath: /healthz
    port: 8080

It uses the same health check as the pods.

Creating a FrontendConfig

Now we can deploy a frontend config with an HTTP to HTTPS redirect:

apiVersion: networking.gke.io/v1beta1
kind: FrontendConfig
metadata:
  name: argocd-frontend-config
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  redirectToHttps:
    enabled: true

Note

The next two steps (the certificate secret and the Ingress) are described supposing that you manage the certificate yourself, and you have the certificate and key files for it. In the case that your certificate is Google-managed, fix the next two steps using the guide to use a Google-managed SSL certificate.


Creating a certificate secret

We need now to create a secret with the SSL certificate we want in our load balancer. It's as easy as executing this command on the path you have your certificate keys stored:

kubectl -n argocd create secret tls secret-yourdomain-com \
  --cert cert-file.crt --key key-file.key

Creating an Ingress

And finally, to top it all, our Ingress. Note the reference to our frontend config, the service, and to the certificate secret.


Note

GKE clusters running versions earlier than 1.21.3-gke.1600, the only supported value for the pathType field is ImplementationSpecific. So you must check your GKE cluster's version. You need to use different YAML depending on the version.


If you use the version earlier than 1.21.3-gke.1600, you should use the following Ingress resource:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    networking.gke.io/v1beta1.FrontendConfig: argocd-frontend-config
spec:
  tls:
    - secretName: secret-yourdomain-com
  rules:
    - host: argocd.yourdomain.com
    http:
      paths:
      - pathType: ImplementationSpecific
        path: "/*"   # "*" is needed. Without this, the UI Javascript and CSS will not load properly
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              number: 80

If you use the version 1.21.3-gke.1600 or later, you should use the following Ingress resource:

apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: argocd
  namespace: argocd
  annotations:
    networking.gke.io/v1beta1.FrontendConfig: argocd-frontend-config
spec:
  tls:
    - secretName: secret-yourdomain-com
  rules:
    - host: argocd.yourdomain.com
    http:
      paths:
      - pathType: Prefix
        path: "/"
        backend:
          service:
            name: argocd-server
            port:
              number: 80

As you may know already, it can take some minutes to deploy the load balancer and become ready to accept connections. Once it's ready, get the public IP address for your Load Balancer, go to your DNS server (Google or third party) and point your domain or subdomain (i.e. argocd.yourdomain.com) to that IP address.

You can get that IP address describing the Ingress object like this:

kubectl -n argocd describe ingresses argocd | grep Address

Once the DNS change is propagated, you're ready to use Argo with your Google Cloud Load Balancer

Authenticating through multiple layers of authenticating reverse proxies

ArgoCD endpoints may be protected by one or more reverse proxies layers, in that case, you can provide additional headers through the argocd CLI --header parameter to authenticate through those layers.

$ argocd login <host>:<port> --header 'x-token1:foo' --header 'x-token2:bar' # can be repeated multiple times
$ argocd login <host>:<port> --header 'x-token1:foo,x-token2:bar' # headers can also be comma separated

ArgoCD Server and UI Root Path (v1.5.3)

ArgoCD server and UI can be configured to be available under a non-root path (e.g. /argo-cd). To do this, add the --rootpath flag into the argocd-server deployment command:

spec:
  template:
    spec:
      name: argocd-server
      containers:
      - command:
        - /argocd-server
        - --repo-server
        - argocd-repo-server:8081
        - --rootpath
        - /argo-cd

NOTE: The flag --rootpath changes both API Server and UI base URL. Example nginx.conf:

worker_processes 1;

events { worker_connections 1024; }

http {

    sendfile on;

    server {
        listen 443;

        location /argo-cd/ {
            proxy_pass         https://localhost:8080/argo-cd/;
            proxy_redirect     off;
            proxy_set_header   Host $host;
            proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
            proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
            proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Host $server_name;
            # buffering should be disabled for api/v1/stream/applications to support chunked response
            proxy_buffering off;
        }
    }
}

Flag --grpc-web-root-path is used to provide a non-root path (e.g. /argo-cd)

$ argocd login <host>:<port> --grpc-web-root-path /argo-cd

UI Base Path

If the Argo CD UI is available under a non-root path (e.g. /argo-cd instead of /) then the UI path should be configured in the API server. To configure the UI path add the --basehref flag into the argocd-server deployment command:

spec:
  template:
    spec:
      name: argocd-server
      containers:
      - command:
        - /argocd-server
        - --repo-server
        - argocd-repo-server:8081
        - --basehref
        - /argo-cd

NOTE: The flag --basehref only changes the UI base URL. The API server will keep using the / path so you need to add a URL rewrite rule to the proxy config. Example nginx.conf with URL rewrite:

worker_processes 1;

events { worker_connections 1024; }

http {

    sendfile on;

    server {
        listen 443;

        location /argo-cd {
            rewrite /argo-cd/(.*) /$1  break;
            proxy_pass         https://localhost:8080;
            proxy_redirect     off;
            proxy_set_header   Host $host;
            proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
            proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
            proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Host $server_name;
            # buffering should be disabled for api/v1/stream/applications to support chunked response
            proxy_buffering off;
        }
    }
}