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Helm

Declarative

You can install Helm charts through the UI, or in the declarative GitOps way. Here is an example:

apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1
kind: Application
metadata:
  name: sealed-secrets
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  project: default
  source:
    chart: sealed-secrets
    repoURL: https://bitnami-labs.github.io/sealed-secrets
    targetRevision: 1.16.1
    helm:
      releaseName: sealed-secrets
  destination:
    server: "https://kubernetes.default.svc"
    namespace: kubeseal

Values Files

Helm has the ability to use a different, or even multiple "values.yaml" files to derive its parameters from. Alternate or multiple values file(s), can be specified using the --values flag. The flag can be repeated to support multiple values files:

argocd app set helm-guestbook --values values-production.yaml

Note

Values files must be in the same git repository as the Helm chart. The files can be in a different location in which case it can be accessed using a relative path relative to the root directory of the Helm chart.

Helm Parameters

Helm has the ability to set parameter values, which override any values in a values.yaml. For example, service.type is a common parameter which is exposed in a Helm chart:

helm template . --set service.type=LoadBalancer

Similarly, Argo CD can override values in the values.yaml parameters using argo app set command, in the form of -p PARAM=VALUE. For example:

argocd app set helm-guestbook -p service.type=LoadBalancer

Helm Release Name

By default, the Helm release name is equal to the Application name to which it belongs. Sometimes, especially on a centralised ArgoCD, you may want to override that name, and it is possible with the release-name flag on the cli:

argocd app set helm-guestbook --release-name myRelease

or using the releaseName for yaml:

source:
    helm:
      releaseName: myRelease

Important notice on overriding the release name

Please note that overriding the Helm release name might cause problems when the chart you are deploying is using the app.kubernetes.io/instance label. ArgoCD injects this label with the value of the Application name for tracking purposes. So when overriding the release name, the Application name will stop being equal to the release name. Because ArgoCD will overwrite the label with the Application name it might cause some selectors on the resources to stop working. In order to avoid this we can configure ArgoCD to use another label for tracking in the ArgoCD configmap argocd-cm.yaml - check the lines describing application.instanceLabelKey.

Helm Hooks

v1.3 or later

Helm hooks are similar to Argo CD hooks. In Helm, a hook is any normal Kubernetes resource annotated with the helm.sh/hook annotation.

Argo CD supports many (most?) Helm hooks by mapping the Helm annotations onto Argo CD's own hook annotations:

Helm Annotation Notes
helm.sh/hook: crd-install Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/hook: PreSync.
helm.sh/hook: pre-delete Not supported. In Helm stable there are 3 cases used to clean up CRDs and 3 to clean-up jobs.
helm.sh/hook: pre-rollback Not supported. Never used in Helm stable.
helm.sh/hook: pre-install Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/hook: PreSync.
helm.sh/hook: pre-upgrade Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/hook: PreSync.
helm.sh/hook: post-upgrade Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/hook: PostSync.
helm.sh/hook: post-install Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/hook: PostSync.
helm.sh/hook: post-delete Not supported. Never used in Helm stable.
helm.sh/hook: post-rollback Not supported. Never used in Helm stable.
helm.sh/hook: test-success Not supported. No equivalent in Argo CD.
helm.sh/hook: test-failure Not supported. No equivalent in Argo CD.
helm.sh/hook-delete-policy Supported. See also argocd.argoproj.io/hook-delete-policy).
helm.sh/hook-delete-timeout No supported. Never used in Helm stable
helm.sh/hook-weight Supported as equivalent to argocd.argoproj.io/sync-wave.

Unsupported hooks are ignored. In Argo CD, hooks are created by using kubectl apply, rather than kubectl create. This means that if the hook is named and already exists, it will not change unless you have annotated it with before-hook-creation.

'install' vs 'upgrade' vs 'sync'

Argo CD cannot know if it is running a first-time "install" or an "upgrade" - every operation is a "sync'. This means that, by default, apps that have pre-install and pre-upgrade will have those hooks run at the same time.

Hook Tips

  • Make your hook idempotent.
  • Annotate crd-install with hook-weight: "-2" to make sure it runs to success before any install or upgrade hooks.
  • Annotate pre-install and post-install with hook-weight: "-1". This will make sure it runs to success before any upgrade hooks.
  • Annotate pre-upgrade and post-upgrade with hook-delete-policy: before-hook-creation to make sure it runs on every sync.

Read more about Argo hooks and Helm hooks.

Random Data

Helm templating has the ability to generate random data during chart rendering via the randAlphaNum function. Many helm charts from the charts repository make use of this feature. For example, the following is the secret for the redis helm chart:

data:
  {{- if .Values.password }}
  redis-password: {{ .Values.password | b64enc | quote }}
  {{- else }}
  redis-password: {{ randAlphaNum 10 | b64enc | quote }}
  {{- end }}

The Argo CD application controller periodically compares Git state against the live state, running the helm template <CHART> command to generate the helm manifests. Because the random value is regenerated every time the comparison is made, any application which makes use of the randAlphaNum function will always be in an OutOfSync state. This can be mitigated by explicitly setting a value, in the values.yaml such that the value is stable between each comparison. For example:

argocd app set redis -p password=abc123

Build Environment

v1.4

Helm apps have access to the standard build environment via substitution as parameters.

E.g. via the CLI:

argocd app create APPNAME \
  --helm-set-string 'app=${ARGOCD_APP_NAME}'

Or via declarative syntax:

  spec:
    source:
      helm:
        parameters:
        - name: app
          value: $ARGOCD_APP_NAME

Helm plugins

v1.5

Argo CD is un-opinionated on what cloud provider you use and what kind of Helm plugins you are using, that's why there are no plugins delivered with the ArgoCD image.

But sometimes you want to use a custom plugin. Perhaps you would like to use Google Cloud Storage or Amazon S3 storage to save the Helm charts, for example: https://github.com/hayorov/helm-gcs where you can use gs:// protocol for Helm chart repository access. There are two ways to install custom plugins; you can modify the ArgoCD container image, or you can use a Kubernetes initContainer.

Modifying the ArgoCD container image

One way to use this plugin is to prepare your own ArgoCD image where it is included.

Example Dockerfile:

FROM argoproj/argocd:v1.5.7

USER root
RUN apt-get update && \
    apt-get install -y \
        curl && \
    apt-get clean && \
    rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /tmp/* /var/tmp/*

USER argocd

ARG GCS_PLUGIN_VERSION="0.3.5"
ARG GCS_PLUGIN_REPO="https://github.com/hayorov/helm-gcs.git"

RUN helm plugin install ${GCS_PLUGIN_REPO} --version ${GCS_PLUGIN_VERSION}

ENV HELM_PLUGINS="/home/argocd/.local/share/helm/plugins/"

You have to remember about HELM_PLUGINS environment property - this is required for plugins to work correctly.

After that you have to use your custom image for ArgoCD installation.

Using initContainers

Another option is to install Helm plugins via Kubernetes initContainers. Some users find this pattern preferable to maintaining their own version of the ArgoCD container image.

Below is an example of how to add Helm plugins when installing ArgoCD with the official ArgoCD helm chart:

# helm-gcs plugin
repoServer:
  volumes:
    - name: helm
      emptyDir: {}
    - name: gcloud
      secret:
        secretName: helm-credentials
  volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /helm
      name: helm
    - mountPath: /gcloud
      name: gcloud
  env:
    - name: HELM_DATA_HOME
      value: /helm
    - name: HELM_CACHE_HOME
      value: /helm/cache
    - name: HELM_CONFIG_HOME
      value: /helm/config
    - name: HELM_PLUGINS
      value: /helm/plugins/
    - name: GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
      value: /gcloud/key.json
  initContainers:
    - name: install-helm-plugins
      image: alpine/helm:3.6.3
      volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /helm
          name: helm
        - mountPath: /gcloud
          name: gcloud
      env:
        - name: HELM_DATA_HOME
          value: /helm
        - name: HELM_CACHE_HOME
          value: /helm/cache
        - name: HELM_CONFIG_HOME
          value: /helm/config
        - name: GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
          value: /gcloud/key.json
      command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
      args:
        - apk --no-cache add curl;
          helm plugin install https://github.com/hayorov/helm-gcs.git;
          helm repo add my-gcs-repo gs://my-private-helm-gcs-repository;
          chmod -R 777 $HELM_DATA_HOME;

Helm Version

Argo CD will assume that the Helm chart is v3 (even if the apiVersion field in the chart is Helm v2), unless v2 is explicitly specified within the Argo CD Application (see below).

If needed, it is possible to specifically set the Helm version to template with by setting the helm-version flag on the cli (either v2 or v3):

argocd app set helm-guestbook --helm-version v3

Or using declarative syntax:

spec:
  source:
    helm:
      version: v3

Helm --pass-credentials

Helm, starting with v3.6.1, prevents sending repository credentials to download charts that are being served from a different domain than the repository.

If needed, it is possible to specifically set the Helm version to template with by setting the helm-pass-credentials flag on the cli:

argocd app set helm-guestbook --helm-pass-credentials

Or using declarative syntax:

spec:
  source:
    helm:
      passCredentials: true

Helm --skip-crds

Helm installs custom resource definitions in the crds folder by default if they are not existing. See the CRD best practices for details.

If needed, it is possible to skip the CRD installation step with the helm-skip-crds flag on the cli:

argocd app set helm-guestbook --helm-skip-crds

Or using declarative syntax:

spec:
  source:
    helm:
      skipCrds: true